NAO and World Climate

Appenzeller, C., J. Schwander, S. Sommer, and T. F. Stocker, 1998: The North Atlantic Oscillation and its imprint on precipitation and ice accumulation in Greenland. Geophys. Res. Lett., 25(11), 1939-1942.

Barnett, T., H. Heinz, and K. Hasselmann, 1984: Statistical predictions of seasonal air temperature over Eurasia. Tellus, 36A, 132-146.

Barnston, A. G., and A. Kumar, 1999: Comment on "A three-year lagged correlation between the North Atlantic Oscillation and winter conditions over the North Pacific and North America". Geophys. Res. Lett., 26(4), 475-476. And reply by Lin & Derome.

Benner, T. C., 1999: Central England temperatures: long-term variability and teleconnections. Int. J. Climatol., 19, 391-403.

Chen, D., and C. H. Hellström, 1999: The influence of the North Atlantic Oscillation on the regional temperature variability in Sweden: spatial and temporal variations. Tellus, 51A, 505-516.

Cullen, H. M., and P. B. deMenocal, 2000: North Atlantic influence on Tigris-Euphrates streamflow. Int. J. Climatol., 20(80), 853-863.

Fritz, S., 1986: Precipitation over northern Honduras and the Icelandic low in December. Mon. Wea. Rev., 114(1), 250-252.

Hurrell, J. W., 1996: Influence of variations in extratropical wintertime teleconnections on Northern Hemisphere temperatures. Geophys. Res. Lett., 23, 665-668.

Kettlewell, P. S., R. B. Sothern, and W.L. Koukkari, 1999: U.K. wheat quality and economic value are dependent on the North Atlantic Oscillation. Journal of Cereal Science, 29, 205-209.

Koslowski, G., and P. Loewe, 1994: The western Baltic ice season in terms of mass-related severity index: 1879-1992. Part I: temporal variability and association with the North Atlantic Oscillation. Tellus, 46A, 66-74.

Lin, H., and J. Derome, 1998: A three-year lagged correlation between the North Atlantic Oscillation and winter conditions over the North Pacific and North America. Geophys. Res. Lett., 25(15), 2829-2832. See Barnston & Kumar.

Makrogiannis, T. J., 1988: The time variations of the relative mass of air over the major part of Europe. Zeit. Meteor., 2, 80-86.

Malmgren, B. A., A. Winter, and D. Chen, 1998: El-Nino-Southern Oscillation and North Atlantic Oscillation control of climate in Puerto Rico. J. Climate, 11, 2713-2717.

McHugh, M., and J. C. Rogers, 2001: North Atlantic Oscillation influence on precipitation variability around the southeast African convergence zone. J. Climate, 14, 3631-3642.

Moulin, C., C. E. Lambert, F. Dulac, and U. Dayan, 1997: Atmospheric export of dust from North Africa: Control by the North Atlantic Oscillation. Nature, 387, 691-694.

Myers, R. A., S. A. Akenhead and K. Drinkwater, 1988: The North Atlantic Oscillation and the ocean climate of the Newfoundland shelf. Int. Counc. Explor. Sea, [Contributions to the council meetings 1988, C] 12, 1-26.

Mysak, L. A., R. G. Ingram, J. Wang, and A. van der Baaren, 1996: The anomalous sea-ice extent in Hudson Bay, Baffin Bay and the Labrador Sea during three simultaneous NAO and ENSO episodes. Atmos.-Ocean, 34, 313-343.

Pohjola, V. A., and J. C. Rogers, 1997: Atmospheric circulation and variations in Scandinavian glacier mass balance. Quaternary Research, 47(1), 29-36.

Pohjola, V. A., and J. C. Rogers, 1997: Coupling between the atmospheric circulation and extremes of the mass-balance of Storglaciären, northern Scandinavia. Annals of Glaciology, 24, 229-233.

Rodó, X., E. Baert, and F. A. Comín, 1997: Variations in seasonal rainfall in southern Europe during the present century: relationships with the North Atlantic Oscillation and the El Niño-Southern Oscillation. Climate Dynamics, 13(4), 275-284.

Rogers, J. C., 1985: Atmospheric circulation changes associated with the warming over the Northern North Atlantic in the 1920's. J. Climate Appl. Meteor., 24, 1303-1310.

Serreze, M. C., F. Carse, R. G. Barry, and J. C. Rogers 1997: Icelandic Low cyclone activity: Climatological features, linkages with the NAO and relationships with recent changes elsewhere in the Northern Hemisphere circulation. J. Climate, 10(3), 453-464.

Thompson, D. W. J., and J. M. Wallace, 1998: The Arctic Oscillation signature in the wintertime geopotential height and temperature fields. Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 1297-1300.

Tunberg, B. G., and W. G. Nelson, 1998: Do climatic oscillations influence cyclical patterns of soft bottom macrobenthic communities on the Swedish west coast? Marine Ecology Progress Series, 170, 85-94.

Ulbrich, U., M. Christoph, J. G. Pinto, and J. Corte-Real, 1999: Dependence of winter precipitation over Portugal on NAO and baroclinic wave activity. Int. J. Climatol., 19, 379-392.

Wilder, R. L., G. O'Hare, and N. Barnsley, 1997: The North Atlantic Oscillation and British Isles climate variability, 1865-1996. Weather, 52, 266-275.

Wunsch, C., 1999: The interpretation of short climate records, with comments on the North Atlantic and Southern Oscillation. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 80, 245-255.

Yarnel, B., and D. J. Leathers, 1988: Relationships between interdecadal and interannual climatic variations and their effect on Pennsylvania climate. Ann. Assoc. Amer. Geogr., 78, 624-641.

Zhou, Y., D. Zheng, M. Zhao, and B. F. Chao, 1998: Interannual polar motion with relation to the North Atlantic Oscillation. Global and Planetary Change, 18, 79-84.

Last updated 2001