Other Studies with indirect NAO Linkages

Baldwin, M. P., X. Cheng, and T. J. Dunkerton, 1994: Observed correlations between winter mean tropospheric and stratospheric circulation anomalies. Geophys. Res. Lett., 21, 1141-1144.

Blackmon, M., Y. Lee, and J. Wallace, 1984a: Horizontal structure of 500 mb height fluctuations with long, intermediate and short time scales. J. Atmos. Sci., 41, 961-979.

Blackmon, M., Y. Lee, J. Wallace, and H. Hsu, 1984b: Time variation of 500 mb height fluctuations with long, intermediate and short time scales as deduced from lag-correlation statistics. J. Atmos. Sci., 41, 981-991.

Bojariu, R., 1997: Climate variability modes due to ocean-atmosphere interaction in the central Atlantic. Tellus, 49A, 362-370.

Carleton, A. M., 1985: Synoptic cryosphere-atmosphere interactions in the Northern Hemisphere from DMSP image analysis. Int. J. Remote Sensing, 6, 239-261.

Esbensen, S. K., 1984: A comparison of intermonthly and interannual teleconnections in the 700 mb geopotential height field during the Northern Hemisphere winter. Mon. Wea. Rev., 112, 2016-2032.

Griffies, S. M., and K. Bryan, 1997: Predictability of North Atlantic multidecadal climate variability. Science, 275, 181-184.

Hann, J., 1890: Zur Witterungsgeschichte von Nord-Grönland, Westküste. Meteor. Z., 7, 109-115.

Hill, B. T., and S. J. Jones, 1990: The Newfoundland ice extent and the solar cycle from 1860 to 1988. J. Geophys. Res., 95, 5385-5394.

Jacobi, C., and B. R. Beckmann, 1999: On the connection between upper atmospheric dynamics and tropospheric parameters: Correlations between mesopause region winds and the North Atlantic Oscillation. Climatic Change, 43(3), 629-643.

Kutzback, J. E., 1970: Large-scale features of monthly mean Northern Hemisphere anomaly maps of sea-level pressure. Mon. Wea. Rev., 98, 708-716.

Lau, N.-C., 1988: Variability of the observed midlatitude storm tracks in relation to low-frequency changes in the circulation pattern. J. Atmos. Sci., 45, 2718-2743.

Lazier, J. N. R., 1980: Oceanographic conditions at Ocean Weather Station BRAVO 1964-1974. Atmosphere-Ocean, 18, 227-238.

Lazier, J. N. R., 1988: Temperature and salinity changes in the deep Labrador Sea, 1962-1986. Deep Sea Res., 35, 1247-1253.

Lorenz, E., 1951: Seasonal and irregular variations of the Northern Hemisphere sea-level pressure profile. J. Meteor., 8, 52-59.

Makrogiannis, T. J., B. D. Giles, and A. A. Flocas, 1981: The problem of the extension of the Siberian Anticyclone towards southeast Europe, and its relation to atmospheric circulation anomalies over the Northern Hemisphere. Arch. Meteor. Geophys. Biocl. Ser. A, 30, 185-196.

Perlwitz, J., and H. F. Graf, 1995: The statistical connection between tropospheric and stratospheric circulation of the Northern Hemisphere in winter. J. Climate, 8, 2281-2295.

Tinsley, B. A., 1988: The solar cycle and the QBO influences on the latitude of storm tracks in the North Atlantic. Geophys. Res. Lett., 15, 409-412.

Last updated 2001