Studies of Atlantic Centers of Action (indirectly the NAO)

Angell, J. K., and J. Korshover, 1974: Quasi-biennial and long-term fluctuations in the centers of action. Mon. Wea. Rev., 102, 669-678.

Angell, J. K., and J. Korshover, 1982: Comparison of year-average latitude, longitude and pressure of the four centers of action with air and sea temperature, 1899-1978. Mon. Wea. Rev., 110(4), 300-303.

Angell, J. K., and J. Korshover, 1984: Some long-term relations between equatorial sea surface temperature, the four centers of action and 700 mb flow. J. Clim. and Appl. Meteor., 23, 1326-1332.

Angell, J. K, J. Korshover, and G. F. Cotten, 1969: Quasi-biennial variations in the "Centers of Action." Mon. Wea. Rev., 97, 867-872.

Davis, R. E., B. P. Hayden, D. A. Gay, W. L. Phillips, and G. V. Jones, 1997: The North Atlantic subtropical anticyclone. J. Climate, 10, 728-744.

Glowienka, R., 1985: Studies on the variability of Icelandic low and Azores high between 1881 and 1983. Beitr. Phys. Atmos., 58, 160-170.

Kelly, P.M., and T.M.L. Wigley, 1977: Solar influences on North Atlantic mean sea level pressure. Nature, 269, 320-322.

Mächel, H., A. Kapala, and H. Flohn, 1998: Behavior of the centers of action above the Atlantic since 1881. Part I: Characteristics of seasonal and interannual variability. Int. J. Climatol., 18, 1-22.

Makrogiannis, T. J., 1984: Local zonal index and circulation change in the European area 1873-1972. Arch. Met., Geophys., and Bioclim. Series B, 34, 39-48.

Makrogiannis, T. J., A. A. Bloutsos, and B. D. Giles, 1982: Zonal index and circulation changes in the north Atlantic area, 1873-1972. J. Climatology, 2, 159-169.

Perry, A. H., 1971: Changes in position and intensity of major Northern Hemisphere 'centres of action'. Weather, 26, 268-270.

Sahsamanoglou, H. S., 1990: A contribution to the study of action centers in the North Atlantic. Int. J. Climatol., 10, 247-261.

Serreze, M. C., F. Carse, R. G. Barry, and J. C. Rogers 1997: Icelandic Low cyclone activity: Climatological features, linkages with the NAO and relationships with recent changes elsewhere in the Northern Hemisphere circulation. J. Climate, 10(3), 453-464.

Last updated 2001